The Effect of Music on Postoperative Recovery in Older Patients: A Systematic Review

The Effect of Music on Postoperative Recovery in Older Patients: A Systematic Review

ABSTRACT: Surgery is an important part of the treatment modalities offered to older patients with cancer. Natural ageing processes lead to deterioration of organ function, making older patients more vulnerable and at risk for experiencing less-favourable outcomes and complications after surgery. Non-pharmaceutical interventions, such as music, may be preferable to medical interventions in older people, who are at risk for adverse effects and drug interactions due to altered physiology and drug metabolism. We aimed to assess the effect of music on postoperative recovery in older patients and to determine the underpinning theoretical models MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review used the databases PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsychINFO, and Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale (RILM). Clinical studies published, until 2015, investigating music as a single intervention for hospitalised patients postoperative, population mean age 60 years or older were selected. All types of postoperative music interventions, consisting of single or more sessions, which take place at a hospital ward. All patient outcomes were included. The search and screening was performed twice, independently, and seventeen articles were finally selected.

REVIEWER: Peter Gerlings

AUTHOR SUMMARY: Hanneke van der Wal-Huisman, Karolien S. K. Dons, Rineke Smilde, Erik Heineman, Barbara L. van Leeuwen

READ MORE: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29678668/