12 Sep A Population-Level Analysis of Associations Between School Music Participation and Academic Achievement
ABSTRACT: This study used educational records from 4 public school student cohorts (n = 112,916) in British Columbia to explore the relationship between music education and academic achievement in Grades 10 and 12. Music participation, especially instrumental music, was linked to higher scores in math, science, and English (on average their academic performance was at least one grade level above others). Achievement in instrumental music had stronger positive effects than vocal music. Higher levels of music engagement, particularly in instrumental music, correlated with higher exam score. These findings suggest that long-term engagement in music, especially instrumental, can benefit high school academic achievement. Implications are discussed in relation to the broader literature on music learning.
AUTHOR SUMMARY: Martin Guhn, Scott D. Emerson, Peter Gouzouasis