12 Sep Music Therapy for Depression
ABSTRACT: A literature review which assesses the short-term effects of music therapy for depression in people of any age compared with treatment as usual (TAU). The review includes nine studies involving a total of 421 participants, 411 of whom were included in the meta‐analysis. Concerning primary outcomes, moderate‐quality evidence was found of large effects favouring music therapy and TAU over TAU alone for both clinician‐rated depressive symptoms. Findings of the present meta‐analysis indicate that music therapy added to TAU provides short‐term beneficial effects for people with depression if compared to TAU alone. Music therapy also shows efficacy in decreasing anxiety levels and improving functioning of depressed individuals.
AUTHOR SUMMARY: Sonja Aalbers, Laura Fusar‐PoliRuth E FreemanMarinus SpreenJohannes CF KetAnnemiek C VinkAnna MaratosMike CrawfordXi‐Jing ChenChristian Gold